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Victorian Discoveries on Hygiene

Victorian hygiene has much to teach us today

In modern industrial and post industrial countries we usually no longer keep to the home cleaning standards of times past, in part due to greater food safety and general societal hygiene standards.

However, when a family member catches a disease, it can be helpful to everyone in the household to review and apply specific, disease targeted Victorian innovations in hygiene to maximize the wellbeing of the entire household.

Almost all diseases are spread through exchange of bodily fluids.

This includes blood, fluid from pustules or blisters, mucus from the bronchial passages, and human waste.

Implementing a system of mild quarantine, using proper and timely handwashing techniques, and washing any and all clothing and linens in hot water go far towards keeping contagion down to a minimum.

The patient’s room should be as large as possible, with good ventilation and a minimum of cloth to increase comfort and reduce the possibility of short-range atmospheric contagion.

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Use appropriate disinfectants on everything.

Antibacterial soap is actually not a good idea outside of a hospital setting, because most of the brands you see today aren’t concentrated enough to really do any good.

In addition, no antibacterial soap can kill viruses.

Carbolate of lime solution can be good for disinfecting clothing and surfaces, but it’s certainly not the only available solution today.

For personal hygiene, using plain soap and proper handwashing technique goes a long way. Washing your hands properly means to get some hot water going, work up a good lather up to your arms, and keep rubbing your hands and wrists for at least twenty seconds before rinsing in hot water. A good measurement for the time is to say the alphabet to yourself at a normal rate of speed. When done, turn off the faucet with a clean towel or washcloth to avoid picking the infection right back up.

To disinfect clothes, you can either bake or boil.

Considering that most people no longer hoave the facilities to properly bake cloth, boiling in a weak lime solution followed by line drying in full sun is probably the best option.

Cotton is the best option for sickroom cloth widely available today. Linen is also acceptable, but is usually quite pricey and best reserved for formal summerwear instead of sickrooms.

Children, elderly and pets should be especially guarded from contagion.

Children and the elderly often do not have the physical reserves to protect them from disease.

Pets can be unwitting carriers even if they can’t get the disease themselves due to species.

While these groups merit special protection, in truth no one should be exposed to contagion if avoidable.

Only those people necessary to the patient’s care should be closely involved with the patient.

While visitors are wonderful for brightening a sick day, they should give their well wishes sitting at a certain distance in order to keep everyone safe, which of course is the goal.

4 Simple Tips To Maintain Hygiene

Believe it or not, people in general do not have good hygiene. In fact, in a recent study, it is reported that 50 per cent of people do not how to maintain the minimum daily hygiene standards. Normally, hygiene is taught by your parents or at school. But with a greater number of people living in dysfunctional family and children getting inadequate education, hygiene standards are being neglected. Here are 4 simple tips to maintain hygiene.

1. Shower at least once a day

Showering cleans the body of any dirt and odour. A shower a day is the minimum amount of you should shower. Unfortunately, some people shower once every two days or even some people shower once every 2 weeks. This will make you smell and will increase the chance of getting sick

2. Brush your teeth twice a day

Brushing your teeth is to maintain good health for your teeth, gums and mouth.

Gentle circular motion to the teeth and along the gums will keep your teeth healthy. It should be done at least once in the morning and once before sleep.

3. Wear deodorant

How you smell can affect how you present to other people such as your friends and family. Smelling good is just good social behaviour. A simple act of applying deodorant to your armpits is a simple but effective way of removing bad smells.

4. Cut long finger nails

Having long finger nails will allow dirt and bacteria to build up underneath the nails. Simply cutting your nails will stop any potential viruses and infections from happening.

 

Personal Hygiene Importance

A good hygiene is the key to good health. This is the reason why you should start teaching your children the value of personal cleanliness while they are young. The sooner they become acquainted with good hygiene, the more chances they will have of growing to be healthy individuals. Your hair needs to be well groomed as well. It should not be a distraction at anytime. Long hair can come in the way of performing an activity and can be unhygienic for the patient. If you have long hair it is best to keep them tied up while at work. You should wear clean uniforms to work every day. A spare uniform should be in your locker in case of an emergency.

Brush your teeth at least three times a day or very after meal. Oral hygiene can be a crucial aspect of maintaining over-all health. Obviously you do not want to get humiliated over plaques and tooth decays or even get laughed at for having bad breath. Before these problems develop, start brushing your teeth in a regular basis to avoid germ accumulation in your mouth that can injure that integrity of your teeth. It is essential to build up trust with the person that you are responsible for caring. You can talk them through the routine you will be setting up for their daily care and hygiene, the first few times. This will help them to know what to expect and may help them relax a bit. Most elders are reluctant to let someone else administer their personal hygiene. It gives them a sense of being dependent and having lost their dignity.

In the process of doing all these things, many things ranging from tiny particles of dirt of different types to invisible germs come in contact with the finger nails. Health workers, like doctors and nurses, veterinerarians, butchers, garbage cleaners make use of their fingernails. These professionals are usually aware of the importance of maintaining good hands and fingernails hygiene and therefore less susceptible to fingernail borne disease than the general public, who don’t care. Personal hygiene issues don’t have to have a negative affect on your relationships if you begin some common, everyday routines such as brushing and flossing, showering, wearing deodorant, etc. These simple things can have an amazingly positive effect on your relationships for two reasons. First, it will stop others from shying away from you due to hygiene.

A lack of proper hygiene is common among those who are depressed as they no longer have the willpower, nor the desire to look presentable. Those with other chronic forms of mental illness such as schizophrenia, certain phobias, or Alzheimer’s disease might also have poor hygiene as they might not be able to grasp the concept of proper hygiene.

Establishing Hygiene Habits Early

When you have young children you have to make sure that you instill good dental hygiene habits in them. Often times, the habits that are created in youth are perpetuated throughout the rest of an individual’s life.

First, you have to make sure that you understand how you are going to make these habits a positive experience. More than likely, your child is not going to be excited about brushing his or her teeth.

It is important that you are brushing your child’s teeth each morning and each night. You want to make sure that your child understands that this is part of a daily routine and it will always occur at night and in the morning.

When you are taking your child to the sink you want to make sure that you have a good attitude about brushing. If you are negative about brushing your child will also be negative about the experience.

You do not have to be over excited about the process but it does help to make sure that your child is excited about what you are doing. Having some type of reward system is a great way to make sure that your child is not frustrated.

When you are brushing your child’s teeth you do not want to push it. Make sure that you are not brushing too hard because if you brush your child’s teeth too hard you will hurt them and make the experience very negative.

As you brush the teeth of your child you also want to make sure that you are getting all of their teeth. Teach them how important it is to brush each and every single tooth in their mouth, even the teeth that are hard to reach.

There are going to be times when you will have a harder time getting your child excited about brushing. It is not the end of the world if you go a night without brushing their teeth because they are especially upset about the process.

You do not want to get in the habit of letting them wake up or go to sleep without brushing. When they know that they can throw a fit and get out of brushing you may notice that they begin to throw fits more than usual.

Understanding how to keep your child excited about brushing may take some time. Do not get too frustrated with your child or even with yourself when you are figuring out the process that needs to take place.

The more that you understand about your child the easier it will be to make the process go smoothly. Take the time to really understand what they do not like about brushing and see if you can change this.

Sometimes, they just will not like brushing for no real reason. Just stay positive and keep on plugging away at making sure your children understand how important it is to be brushing their teeth consistently.

Once you have gotten in the habit of brushing, you will also want to get into the habit of flossing. There are a lot of people that do not understand how important it is to teach a child how to floss when he or she is still young.

Your child needs to learn how he or she is going to floss properly. You have to make sure that your child does not hurt himself or herself while flossing but that he or she knows how to properly floss their teeth.

When you are teaching your child how to floss you want to make sure that he or she is not sawing the piece of floss back and forth between his or her teeth. This can be extremely detrimental to the gums.

Not only can it be detrimental but it can be very painful. You want to make sure that your child does not experience pain when he or she is flossing because this may deter them from continuing the habit.

Flossing at night has become the norm for those that are trying to teach their children to floss. Flossing in the morning has just become too complicated because of all of the different places that people need to be in the morning.

Rinsing your child’s mouth with a kid friendly mouth wash is also important. You want to make sure that your child is getting fluoride coated on their teeth everyday to ensure that their enamel is growing strong.

You can instill good dental hygiene habits in your child. Start now and you may be able to avoid many dental costs in the future.

Oral hygiene tips for infants, kids and parents

Article by Rajesh Kumar

Oral Hygiene Tips – oral hygiene is a veer important thing that should be taken care at all ages. Oral hygiene protect us from many diseases, read the tips for oral hygieneOral hygiene for infants:

1. One must start cleaning the baby’s mouth even without teeth, thus ensuring a great smile for a lifetime2. Gently wipe the baby’s gums with a clean moist cloth or gauze after his feed. 3. Wiping of gums helps to eliminate decay causing bacteria, thereby inculcating the habit of having his teeth brushed later on.4. Slowly as the teeth are erupting, a finger brush or an infant tooth brush with soft rounded bristles that will not hurt his gums can be used to brush his teeth.

Importance of oral hygiene in kids:

1. Milk teeth have thinner enamel than adult teeth, hence more vulnerable to decay causing bacteria.2. Progression of Decay in a milk tooth is swift and destructive- it quickly penetrates enamel, dentin and then infects the nerves¬. 3. Early loss of milk teeth can cause permanent teeth to become crooked. Hence it’s essential to maintain the integrity of milk teeth.4. Pediatric dentistry can help in maintaining good oral health for kids, so never be late if there is something wrong.

General tips for parents:

1. Serve as a good model by practicing good oral habits yourself.2. Schedule regular visit to dental clinic for family check up, periodontal evaluation and cleaning.3. First visit to a dentist can be scheduled after your child’s first birthday or when the first tooth erupts.4. Very important to inculcate good oral hygiene early thus enabling children to last their teeth for a lifetime.5. Studies indicate that nearly all children and adolescents have gingivitis causing gums to smell, turn red and swell easily. This condition is preventable and treatable with regular routine brushing, flossing and professional dental care.6. Gingivitis can be symptomless and hence may go unnoticed until it is too late, so it is very important to schedule appointments for a dental check up.

What to do to maintain good oral health.

1) Gingivitis causes gum tissues to smell, turn red and swell easily but it is preventable and treatable with a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. 2. Studies indicate that nearly all children and adolescents have gingivitis, which can go unnoticed because it may be symptomless. So it is very important to visit the dentist.3. Serve as a good role model by practicing good oral habit yourself.4. Genetics play an important role in the early development of gum diseases5. According to research bacteria that cause inflammatory reaction leading to gum disease can be spread through saliva. So it could be contagious. Be cautious and get a complete dental check up done for the whole family as well.6. By maintaining periodontal health, the life quantity of patients can be improved.7. Tooth jewellery fixed by a dentist can provide the sparkle in one’s smile. An absolutely painless procedure, without causing any sort of damage to the tooth structure.8. Tooth jewellery can easily be removed by the dentist and re-fixed at a later as per the individual’s choice.9. Mouth Guards can help prevent any damage to teeth while playing sports.

Dental Hygiene – an Important Part of Dental Prevention in Children

Dental hygiene – an important part of dental prevention in children
Tips to care for teeth and oral | Guest

 

Today, the prevalence and intensity of caries and periodontal diseases in children in Ukraine is high due to insufficient preventive oral care during the growth and formation of its organs and tissues. And in countries such as Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, Britain, France, Canada, over the past decade the level of caries lesions in children has decreased and is now rated as “low” and even “very low” through the introduction of dental programs prevention.

Achieve similar results in our country can be provided as oral hygiene. Attitudes to patient hygiene is largely dependent on social conditions, the level of its culture and education, habitat, life habits, the degree of employment and psycho-emotional and hormonal status.

What the statistics show
Results of the questionnaire on the level of hygienic knowledge of children and their parents indicate that it is low. Most of the information to look after the parents get their teeth with the media (41%) of their friends (34%) and popular scientific literature (22%) and only 3% – from dentists. Children acquire hygienic knowledge and habits mostly from their parents, guardians and teachers and experts from highly enough. Hygienic care of oral as unsatisfactory: regularly, twice a day, brush your teeth 38% of adults. In children, these figures are much worse: only 3% 6-year-olds and 10% 12-year-olds caring for their teeth twice a day. In general, do not brush your teeth 3,5% and 40% of parents of children 6 years and 20% of children 12 years of age. 90% of parents do not control the quality of brushing their children. Worryingly low levels of hygiene and oral care to expectant mothers. Brush your teeth once a day 45% of pregnant women, 22% do so occasionally, the rest, 33% do not care for their teeth.

Professionals know how difficult is to convince children and their parents need to strictly follow the rules of care for their teeth, rinse your mouth after eating, especially after consuming sweet foods. Patient education guidelines brushing based on their age and individual psychological features. Dentist always lucidly explained by patient characteristics of his personal oral hygiene, the use of this or that vehicle and must ensure that the patient can correctly repeat manipulation and to choose hygiene.

Stages of education hygiene habits
Begin training specific skills in children hygienic oral care should be conducted in specific periods. For example: from 2 years old – to keep your mouth water and rinse your mouth after eating, and from 3 to 6 years – to clean the teeth (first brush without paste, and then children’s toothpaste) and always with adult .

Parenting skills involves a hygienic stages:
the first phase – learning clean vestibular (external), followed by oral (inner) surface of the teeth vertical, vymitayuchymy movements (elevation of the toothbrush when cleaning the vestibular surface – 45 °);
After mastering these skills transfer to clean the chewing surfaces – along and across the back teeth, gradual movements;
The final stage of cleaning skills and massage gums circular motions brush.
Teeth that erupt soon, better brush horizontal movements (across the teeth). After mastering the patient equipment cleaning teeth are individual lessons on the use of aids – dental flosses and special brushes for cleaning the fissures, interdental areas, gingival sulcus. Cleaning your teeth should last at least 3-5 minutes.

Practice shows that the effect of individual hygiene after patient education remains an average of 1,5-3 months, after which it should repeat them. Correction hygienic oral care – an important component of prevention. Such consultations should conduct weekly (to the final mastering technology care for their teeth). Good use for this exercise machines, dummies, models, videos and more. Important that the regime must care for their teeth provided morning and evening, so-called “cosmetic” clean toothpaste and day – “therapeutic” to clean up, usually without a shepherd. It should be noted that this “therapeutic” Cleaning provides maximum mechanical removal of plaque from all relief planes teeth, tongue and gingival surface furrows. This is used not only the traditional brush, and additional tools: monopuchkovi interdentalni brush, flosses, etc..

Criteria for selection of individual care for your teeth
The main criteria for selection of individual hygiene care for their teeth have to be data on hard tissue of teeth and periodontal species bite for signs of damage or inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth, the patient’s household habits and more.

Oral care in children with temporary occlusion easier to do with the special children’s toothbrush with a small head, thin, soft bristles and approximated that does not traumatize the mucous, provides quality cleaning teeth and light massage gums. Dental flosses and electric toothbrushes recommended for children after 6 years, ultrasound – to 11-12-years. If signs of disease in patients teeth and periodontal tissues, recommend atravmatychni toothbrushes with soft bristles and a working part to 2 cm, with better wear indicator that lets you adjust the pressure and properly clean each tooth. Toothbrushes need continuous maintenance and periodic replacement in 2-3 months. For everyday cleaning toothbrushes are special soluble effervescent tablets, such as “Bonnie-DENT (Switzerland). Cleaning and disinfection to prevent bacteria, viruses and fungal infections on the surface of brushes. The use of electric toothbrushes in case a marked bleeding gums and operating after surgery in the oral cavity is not desirable. Extra daily cleaning interdental spaces interdentalnymy threads and superflosamy, ID-brushes, interdental stimulants improve microcirculation in periodontal tissues, eliminates the accumulation of dental accretions in inaccessible areas, contributes to physiological mineralization of teeth. Hygiene surface of the tongue can be made using special brushes, for example, “Enfresh” in combination with antibacterial dental gel.

Features selection of hygienic oral care
If patients in the combined dental disease (periodontal disease, tooth decay, teeth and jaws abnormalities) should be multyspryamovanoyi of toothpaste: “New Pearl, AQUAFRESH Multi-Active”. These toothpastes effectively remove plaque, strengthen enamel, relieve inflammatory events and actively protect the periodontal tissues. In hard tissue lesions of teeth (hypoplasia, aplasia, caries) use paste health care orientation, which contain calcium, phosphorus, fluorine and other trace elements.

In the absence of conditions for traditional oral hygiene after eating (when traveling, etc.) you can use sugar-free gum with xylitol, calcium lactate, urea, sodium bicarbonate. Duration of chewing 10-15 minutes, and the frequency of use of no more than 3-5 times a day.

Recently there Cosmetic herbal, high Mineralizing, antibacterial, dezodoruvalnymy properties, which are built on the principle chrohobiologic impact of health care adapted to a particular time of day. Such means include, for example, “Radonta Morning” and “Radonta Evening” – toothpaste, for morning and evening brushing and “Radonta” – a refreshing tooth gel – for day care. The kit for oral hygiene can be recommended for removal of inflammatory phenomena oral mucosa, reduction of bleeding gums, strengthen teeth ‘, reducing speed the formation of dental accretions, and to eliminate bad breath (galitoz). The composition of these toothpastes and gel are natural ingredients that improve the microcirculation in periodontal tissues, acting proactively. They are economical and easy to use, does not contain artificial antiseptic components such as triclosan or chlorheksidine.

Research scientists proved that the use of sanitary means of chlorhexidine or triclosan in patients with persistent microflora of periodontal pockets can cause overgrowth, violation of epithelial barrier function and lead to the chronicity process. Such toothpaste should be used only in acute cases and transferred after colds and bacterial infections (short course – within 2-3 weeks).

For patients who have a high propensity to form dense layers of dental (with high resistance to abrasion of teeth) can be recommended toothpaste with brightening effect, for example, “Silca Family Plus” – based on silicon and allantoin, and tooth powders to-asset Lakalut “- from calcium carbonate, herbal extracts,” Forte “- with white clay, crushed activated charcoal, mint viddushkoyu or” Farmalyuks “- based on white clay and salt. Tooth powders should not be used by hyperesthesia of hard tissues, hypoplasia, acid erosion, exposure necks of the teeth in children with disproportion periodontal tissues. In these cases it is expedient to use elixirs, balms or special spoliskuvachiv with antibacterial properties and reparative (Off-2, Victoria, Lakalut antyplak, Lakalut refreshing). However, children under 7 years use of dental powders and antiseptic solutions are undesirable. Spoliskuvalni facilities for teenagers should be chosen on the basis of soft, and the duration of their use should not exceed two weeks.

To reduce the acidity of the oral fluid better choose toothpaste zluzhnyuvalnoyi action containing fluoride, glycerophosphate, xylitol, antiseptics, enzymes (“New Pearl Soda Bicarbonate, Pepsodent, Signal, Kalinos, totalitarian Colgate, Colgate Soda Bicarbonate, Sensodyne-F “) and others. Not recommended to brush your teeth immediately after consuming acidic fruits, vegetables, beverages, yogurt and ketchup. It is better to rinse your mouth with water or alkaline mineral 0,25-0,5% solution of baking soda and brush your teeth cleaned in 20-30 minutes. Patients with high tyahuchistyu saliva should additionally be soda rinse, and tools that stimulate salivation (hard vegetables, fruits, infusions pidbilu, yarrow, termopsys: inside of 10-15 ml, 3-4 times a day for 1-2 months).

Patients with malocclusions as before orthodontic treatment and when it should strictly follow the hygiene rules for oral care. Orthodontic appliances cause plaque accumulation in the neck area of the tooth and around fixing brackets, as evidenced by a high index of bacterial plaque (increased reproduction Streptococcus mutans). So patients than toothpaste and remineralizuvalnoyi antiinflammatory action (eg “AQUAFRESH, Colgate, Lakalut fluoride, Lakalut sensitive, Sensodyne-F”), it is obligatory to use interdentalnyh flosses, schitochok for braces, dental yorzhykiv. It is important, and daily hygiene care of orthodontic devices using special devices: orthodontic schitochok (“Jordan Denture brush”), pastes, tablets, solution of sodium bicarbonate, 0.05% chlorhexidine or 0.1% chlorophyllipt.

The level of hygienic knowledge and skills largely depends on close cooperation of dentists, parents, children, teachers, educators and medical staff to schools and kindergartens and clinics. Adults have become a model for her child and be a reliable assistant in oral care. Level of hygiene knowledge skills, awareness of the quality of their performance, compulsory dentist recommended time plays a big role in dental prevention of children.

Hygiene

Article by Daniel

Hygiene and fine quality are basically used to prevent the infection which is affected by any other bacteria. Hygiene is nothing but to maintain the health and healthy living. Good hygiene indicates that invisible dirt and bad stench. Hygiene means not appearance of injurious levels of bacteria or virus. Good hygiene is support to maintain the health. Hygiene is directly support to disease prevention. Good hygiene is used to keep every disease to avoid illness. Hygiene life is totally based on the cleanliness of every person health. The common one is cleaning. Washing hands is frequently done by every person; it’s used to prevent the disease. Oil and crumble dirt are suppose to wash in soap and detergent. Commonly hand wash is preferable hygienic. Regular hand washing is used to clean the hand and is avoid the spreading of disease. After using toilet and medical operations they must wash their hands.

The main part of hygiene is personal hygiene and other hygiene is washing hands and water prevention.

* Personal hygiene* Washing Hands* Water

Personal hygiene:

In hygiene, personal hygiene is one of the categories. Personal hygiene is having a best way to increase good health and good preparation of the health. Basically cleanliness is common one to prevent the problems produce by bacteria. Be aware of infection that caused by bacteria or virus. Personal hygiene is based on hair, skin, mouth, dandruff, teeth, hands, nails, and feet. Personal hygiene is also is used to clear the external part of the body. Personal hygiene care takes some part to women. For women notion they present a clean, safe, hands cleaning, hand free system. It’s a best way to keep a good health. Preservation is use to provide a good health and good atmosphere. Good atmosphere brings a good health.

Washing the hands:

Washing the hands with soap or detergent is not use to eliminate the germs cruelly. Flushing the hands or fingers is not good enough to prevent the infection. It is also very essential to wash hands after the usage of animal and raw foods. Before eating, serving the food, nourish children they must wash their hands. Children must secure from infection instead of wash hands. Children regularly used to keep their fingers in their mouth. It’s very essential to take care of child particularly after the playing in dirt or with animals.

Water prevention:

Another main thing of hygiene is water. Water prevention is must used to prevent from infections. Water prevention is avoiding the spreading disease.

* Water must be sanitizing by steaming or straining. * Water is not purified in ponds, rivers, open tanks and wells. Before taking water it should be clean and boiled. * Wells should be covered and making a hand pump.* Drinking water are must be closed and keep safe from animals.* In families water can keep with clean and not touching the water without washing hands.

Children’s Dentistry – Ensuring Children Develop and Maintain a Oral Hygiene Routine

Most dentists agree that parents should stress the importance of good oral hygiene to their children. While most parents may take their children in for their first dental visit when they are around three years of age, it is notable that less attention is paid to the dental needs of children when compared to those of adults.

Providing Adequate Dental Care for Infants

While most parents may cater to the dental needs of their young children, often the subject is neglected when it comes to infants. The common misconception being that infants only take soft foods which do not harm their teeth in any way. If the infant’s dental hygiene is neglected, it may become a problem in the infant’s mouth and tooth development. To foster adequate dental hygiene in infants, parents are advised to properly wipe the infant’s mouth and gums to remove any bacteria.

Kids Dentistry

A kid’s dentist will agree that the child should be taught how to brush their own teeth when they are around two to three years of age. This practise is best cultivated in the child if the parent starts off by brushing the child’s teeth and later encourages them to practice on their own. It is important to remember that when one is training the child on oral hygiene, the process may not always be smooth. However, bit by bit, the child will take up an effective oral hygiene routine.

The appropriate time to start scheduling regular visits with a knowledgeable kid’s dentist would be when the child is around the age of three. The first visit would include a general examination of the child in terms of condition of the teeth and gums. Additionally, X-rays will be taken.

Importance of Children’s Dentistry

Knowing when to contact a children’s dentist is vital. At times what may seem like a minor problem may just be the warning signs for a more serious condition. Scheduling regular dental check-ups is one the best ways to catch such early signs. Moreover, preventive dentistry practices such as dental check-ups help to ensure proper oral hygiene and health. Teaching the child the importance of caring for their own teeth will also go a long way to ensuring proper oral hygiene is maintained.

Hygiene And Services

Recently, I went for a reflexology as I have done many times before.  However, that evening when I was playing with my children, my wife noticed some red spots on both my legs.  When I went to the doctor, I was told that it was due to some virus and luckily it was easy to cure with some antibiotic cream.

I suspect the virus may have come from the reflexologist - probably from the cream that he was using to perform the massage.

Barber/Hairstylist

I thought of all the other services I took for granted and wondered what else I could catch from them.  The barber/hairstylist.  How clean are their equipments?    I was advised to make sure that the hairstylist change the blade used to shave.  But what about the scissors, comb and other equipments they used.  How about the chairs.  

It is possible to get mites, HIV, H1N1 in these places.  For H1N1, we are told that the viruses can stay alive for 24 hours. 

Hotels

We go to a hotel, gym or massage parlor and lay on their bed.  How clean are the towels, bed and the bedsheets?  Many times, we see the stains all over them.  Who knows how old or fresh those stains are.

Taxi/Buses

Who sat on the seat before you?  Maybe the person who sat before you had an accident and peed or pooh in their pants and more likely stained through their clothes on to the seat. 

Grocers/Suppliers

Nowadays fruits and vegetables in the supermarket looks very fresh.  This is because of the pesticides used or even the wax that makes your apple look fresh.  

I was told that some of the pesticides used for the vegetables absorbs into the vegetables and will stay in the plant for at least 2 weeks.  If the vegetable is harvested in less than two weeks than most likely the vegetable will be sold with those pesticides in them.  No amount of washing will remove the pesticide so when we eat, we will be eating the poison.

Packaged food

A few years back, I bought crispy.  This is a chocolate bar with rice crispy in it that makes it crunchy.  I used to love it.  However, after one bite, I could see some crawling maggot from the chocolate bar.  I threw the bar immediately.  

Needless to say, I have stayed away from it since.  I wonder how hygienic are the production processes for all the products we consume daily.

Restaurants/Coffee shops
Even the food that is prepared for us by hawkers or in the restaurants.  A friend of mine swore off chicken rice after she saw how the chicken was prepared.  After it was roasted, the chicken is left to hang near a very dirty drain.

There was also the curry fish.  The fish is fried so it will be crispy.  If the restaurant is unable to sell it for the day, they can then fry it again the following day.  The curry can then be used cover the taste to most of the customers.

Unfortunately, we still do not have much choice, we are still using all the services but do not know how save they are.  I really don’t know what to do.